Application of powder coating in can production

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In China's can making process, the inside of the tank is mostly pre-printed with iron. The inner coating is a liquid coating for food. When printing iron, it is necessary to leave a seam for the seam welding. Generally, it is difficult to coat the inner side. The scraping process is performed so as not to affect the seam welding quality.

However, it is necessary to make a recoating at the weld seam after seam welding, the process is complicated, and the quality is not easy to guarantee. In recent years, the increasingly popular powder coating process is increasingly being used in the canning industry. For the canning industry, the powder coating process is not a new technology, but people really start to pay attention to it. A few years. As early as 20 years ago in the United States, the inside of the weld of the three-piece can was produced by a powder coating process. Since the coating of the powder coating is thicker than the coating of the liquid coating, the powder coating process can more effectively prevent the influence of iron odor on the taste and color of the canned food. Currently, at least 800 can production lines worldwide are produced using the technology behind the powder coated weld.

Currently, the real application of this process in the canning industry is the repair of can coatings and the coating of the inside of a three-piece can. Through a large number of scientific experiments, the coating effect of powder coatings is very good. The powder coating products can be used to package a variety of foods, beer, beverages and aerosols. Some people think that the powder coating process will be more and more applied to two-piece cans and beverage cans within ten years.

Why is the powder coating process so attractive? Because the powder coating is more environmentally friendly, it has high reliability and environmental performance, and it has good economic benefits. The powder coating is 100% solid material, and the composition is completely identical except for the solvent without the solvent. When the can is heated in an oven, the powder melts to form a continuous film layer.

Most of the powder coatings used in the canning industry are modified with epoxy or polyester, varnish or pigment. The coating application rate is very high, so the loss is very small, especially the recycling system can collect the overspray powder, adjust the overspray powder, and re-enter the system for recycling.

Because the powder coating is solid, it is in a solid state during use, such as recycling and cleaning, transportation, and handling. The powder coating process does not cause loss of liquid paint, and the loss of liquid paint is not easily controlled and is expensive. In the next few years, powder coatings may become one of the coating technologies for a large number of applications. Because the powder is a dry coating that is 100% solid, it meets the requirements of governments around the world to reduce or ban the use of volatile organic compound coatings.

For each can manufacturing plant, the use of such a solvent-free powder coating is one of the effective methods for preventing the volatilization of organic compounds in the surface treatment process of the can.

For environmental protection, the can body and can lids treated with powder coating are not only beneficial to the canning plant, but also beneficial to food packaging manufacturers. In order to cater to the increasing demands of customers for product packaging, food packaging plants have been seeking solutions that are different and unconventional. This food canned container meets environmental safety requirements and is easy to produce. If you consider it from the perspective of market sales, the canned container with powder coating can make the canning factory establish an image of environmental protection. Just as the environmentally friendly products currently on the market are very popular in the market.

The current new can closures and three-piece can coating repair equipment are all automatic control systems. A typical system for powder coating is to take the powder out of the powder supply station from the feeder and transfer it to a recovery unit where the raw powder is mixed with the recovered powder and then mixed with air and transferred from the pump system to the friction spray gun. . When the powder is transferred to the can body or can lid, the spray gun is electrically charged by friction, causing the powder particles to be electrostatically charged. The charge causes the powder to be adsorbed onto the can body or can lid in a particularly uniform spray pattern, and all overspray coatings are The recirculation device that has completely entered is recycled, adjusted, and reused. This method of coating allows the powder to pass from a positively charged electric field, causing the powder particles to be negatively charged. In this case, the can body or can lid is grounded so that the powder particles can be adsorbed.

The corona coating method removes the charge of the powder particles by frictional electrification, and the friction electrification method reduces the electrostatic shielding effect, so that the powder particles can be moved to the corners and gaps of the can body or the can lid. This is especially true for painted can bodies and can lids.

At present, there are two kinds of painting techniques, including continuous spraying technology and intermittent spraying technology. The former is suitable for the outside of the coating tank. When the tank enters the painting area, the spray gun is started, and various spraying can be used in the painting area. The method is to directly apply the powder particles to the portion to be painted of the can; the latter is a coating method for switching the spray gun when the can body or the can lid enters the spraying area. In order to control the switch of the gun, the adjustment of the gas or powder is controlled in a control tube, and the air flow is re-adjusted through a flow divider to control the amount of workpiece being coated and the rapid flow rate when the gun is stopped.

This process is realized by a series of solenoid valve control, and the powder pump electromagnetic control valve controls the dose of the powder required for the workpiece to be painted. When the powder pump sends the powder out of the powder hose to the control tube, the powder is accelerated by the amplifier while optimizing the uniformity of the powder or gas through an atomizing nozzle. After entering the control tube, the powder particles are electrostatically charged by contacting the wall of the control tube in the tube. The charged powder is sprayed on the can body or the can lid workpiece through the nozzle of the spray gun, and the pump is shut down and the air flow splitter is opened. The gun is shut down and the cycle is repeated for each can body or can lid workpiece. The operating cycle speed of a single piece depends on the amount of powder that needs to be applied to each workpiece. For example, for post-repair of epoxy coated can ends, each gun can handle between 300 and 350 per minute. When the can lid is placed in front of the spray gun through a positioning mechanism, the friction-type spray gun sprays the electrostatically charged powder onto the can lid, and all the overspray powders are collected and re-entered into the supply hose to enter the system. Recycled, and then the coated can lid is conveyed by a conveyor belt through a curing oven where the powder melts into the scratched portion of the workpiece and the weld zone.

This process can be applied to both the outside and the inside of the can lid, and the coating amount is generally 60 to 80 mg. In order to increase the appearance quality of the outside of the can lid, the amount of powder is required to be larger. For the inner powder coating of the three-piece can body, a new powder coating process has been developed. The maximum coating speed of this coating process is about 75 pieces per minute for each spray gun. The open end of the can is transferred to the front of the triboelectric gun by a positioning transfer mechanism, and the charged powder is sprayed into the tank, and any overspray is recovered by the device and re-entered into the system for recycling. The can is then sent to a flat belt transfer oven, calcined, solidified, and calcined at a temperature of 425 °F for about 2 minutes. For general international standards, coatings typically use modified epoxy powders with an average accuracy rating of 10 to 15 microns, while hygienic grade can coating films are approximately 15 to 20 microns. The can manufacturer can obtain excellent coating quality, eliminate the volatilization of the organic compound of the workpiece, and the utilization rate of the material can be as high as 99%. The cleaning and effective coating process can greatly reduce the cleaning and maintenance cost of the workpiece.

As with the cannery, food packaging manufacturers benefit from the powder coating process. Due to the improved quality of the improved can coating, and the powder coating that enhances the shelf life of the food, it will leak, corrode and iron odor. The impact of the food is reduced to a minimum, which means that the powder coating provides an excellent protective film between the food and the packaging, which improves the quality and longevity of the canning product. Powder coated canned products have a longer shelf life. The use of powder coated metal cans in a variety of foods and different sizes of canned products can completely replace the canning method using liquid coating treatment. Further technical information on the performance and shelf life of powder coated coatings can be confirmed in packaging tests conducted by numerous users.

The powder coating materials and processes required for food canning are gradually improving and improving to meet the requirements of food canning.

At present, powder and raw material production plants need to develop and develop more types of resin products. At present, there are still few complete tests on a variety of resins and additives that can be used to improve powder properties and help overcome powder coating defects. Fewer certifications are available.

Powder manufacturers also need to understand the entire potential metal coating, and at the same time determine which coating technology is more practical, whether it is three-piece cans, spray cans, cans, cans or coils, each material Different resin modified powders are required for coating to achieve optimum performance.

Spray cans require an inner coating with anti-fogging capability, while three-piece food cans must have resistance to certain foods and have resistance to cooking. The change in properties depends on the composition of the metal raw materials. For example, powders that perform well on tinplate can be unacceptable in aluminum cans.

The clean, high-gloss polished surface formed by powder coating technology makes the quality of the tank container more excellent, hygienic and more attractive. These are the selling points that attract customers' attention when buying, or open the metal can and rinse. After recycling or re-use it conveniently.

Packaging manufacturers will improve the quality of their stored foods by adopting new and improved powder-coated containers that meet environmental requirements, thus greatly improving their product quality.

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