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Technology: The robot is really coming
This year, I participated in the Tianjin Summer Davos Forum, and S. Hassan, the president of the US Shitebao Technology Company, was saved in the Pacific Ocean.
Hassan is in California, and a $1 million remote robot is his substitute in Davos. Its height is similar to that of a human being, and it can move around with a liquid crystal display on the top. With the camera and display, Hassan speaks freely on Davos and communicates with other participants.
In this way, Hassan proves that the robot era has come, and robots can be integrated into all aspects of people's production and life.
At the opening ceremony of the 2014 World Cup in Brazil, the paralyzed youth Nopinto kicked off the World Cup with the help of brain-controlled mechanical exoskeleton technology; the â€œexamination assistantâ€ robot designed and manufactured by four college students in Jiangxi Province can be used as a proctor The teacher inspected and sent the test papers; Russian researchers are planning to build a "robot satellite force" to fight for human space... "In the future, smart devices will be everywhere. Tables, chairs, this stage, everything can be intelligent. It is no longer the robot that has the imaginary 'head and leg'," said Yang Ning, founding partner of Lebo Capital.
Not long ago, good news came: In the 18th RoboCup Robot World Cup competition held in Brazil, the intelligent service robot â€œKejiaâ€ independently researched and developed by the University of Science and Technology of China stood out with absolute advantage and won the world champion of service robots.
Chen Xiaoping, director of the Robotics Laboratory of the University of Science and Technology of China, said that the intelligence of â€œKejiaâ€ is mainly reflected in semantic understanding, environmental modeling, automatic planning and learning ability. It can understand some Chinese and English sentences, understand user needs; obtain information such as the location of furniture, food, etc.; after understanding people's intentions, automatically decide what to do first and then do.
Industry: Opportunities and challenges coexist
Innovation is the inexhaustible motive force for development. With the maturity of artificial intelligence technology, the robot revolution is expected to become an entry point and an important growth point for new industries. Countries have listed robots as key industries. The United States released the robot development route report, the EU launched the world's largest civilian robot research and development program, and Japan's robot industry as one of the seven key industries supported by the "new industry development strategy"...
China's robotics technology and industry started late. After years of catching up, China has developed a robot for the Antarctic expedition and deep-sea survey. The lunar rover that successfully landed on the moon is actually an advanced robot. According to the latest statistics of the industrial robot market released by the China Robot Industry Alliance, in 2013, the Chinese market sold nearly 37,000 industrial robots, surpassing Japan to rank first in the world.
Behind the seemingly beautiful transcript, it is a serious challenge.
In the Chinese robot market, foreign robot giants are in an obvious monopoly position. "China's robot innovation capability is not enough, and the core technology and key components have not yet formed industrial strength. For example, compared with the world's advanced level, such as reducer, servo motor and controller technology, there is a clear gap in accuracy, reliability and stability. Song Xiaogang, executive vice president of the China Machinery Industry Federation, said.
The key to the development of the robot industry is quality, key components and system integration. Experts suggest that the state should introduce policies to support robot common technology, testing and testing, robotic body and key components research and development and system integration technology. At the same time, the industry is guided to avoid disorderly competition and develop in a healthy and orderly manner.
The future: the world of human-computer integration
A few days ago, a computer software called Eugene Guzman was participating in a Turing test, which made 33% of the referees believe that it was a 13-year-old boy. This is the first time that artificial intelligence has passed the Turing test.
How smart is the robot?
The famous physicist Stephen Hawking said that the future of robots may be smarter than people. This prophecy is reminiscent of the plot of robots ruling the world in science fiction movies. More scientists believe that the creativity and imagination of human beings make robots far behind.
The debate about "who is smarter with robots in the future" continues. An undeniable fact is that the manufacturing industry is undergoing a profound change - "machine substitution."
In recent years, factories in developed coastal areas have experienced â€œlabor shortagesâ€, and many companies regard â€œmachine substitutionâ€ as a way to reduce production costs. In Dongguan, more than 60% of the companies invested in â€œmachine substitutionâ€ in 5 years, and 92% of enterprises will continue to increase investment or prepare for related work in the next two years.
At present, industrial robots are mostly used by manufacturers in the automotive industry, semiconductors, and integrated circuits, and are mainly engaged in handling, spraying, sealing, and welding. Guo Taiming, president of Taiwan's Hon Hai Group, said that a new generation of robotic arms is about to come out, but Foxconn will focus on the research and product development of intelligent robots in the future. Robots are very important to change the human structure, freeing young people from physical labor to engage in mental labor and innovation activities, but "in the end, robots will still be controlled by people."
When Foxconn announced the "Million Robot Production Plan," many people worried that robots would replace migrant workers and have an impact on employment. "In fact, industrial robots are only part of the robot kingdom. Most of the robots imagined by ordinary people are not industrial robots, but service robots, or intelligent robots." Domestic robot manufacturer, president of Shenyang Xinsong Robot Automation Co., Ltd. Qu Daokui said.
When asked how to look at Foxconn's use of robots to make Apple phones, Qu Daokui said: "For manufacturers, the first consideration is how to reduce costs and control quality. From the worker's point of view, the biggest worry Yes, if even the Apple mobile phone is polished with a robot, will it be eliminated as a labor force?"
"Intelligent technology will only assist and serve humanity, not humans." Human resources expert Cao Jingyu said. After people have been replaced from the production line, they should be more engaged in product research and development, design, after-sales service, brand operation, etc., to achieve "China manufacturing" to the high end of the value chain.
In fact, not only the production of Apple's mobile phones, but also the manufacturing enterprises in Zhejiang and Guangdong are mulling the industrial restructuring from the full manpower to the combination of manpower and industrial robots.
The robot is coming, will traditional workers be replaced by robots? The analysis report from the China Robotics Industry Alliance believes that China's rising industrial robots will not completely replace manpower, but will have a state of "human-machine integration."
ABB Group, the world's leading robot manufacturer, predicts that China will become the world's leading robot market in just a few years.
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